The Bible talks about many different kinds of love all throughout the different books and passages. There is relational love that mankind has for each other and God has for his people. There is also physical love, romantic love, and parental love just to name a few. One of the most famous passages about love is in 1 Corinthians 13, which is known as the love chapter.
“If I speak in the tongues of men and o angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and If I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. If I give all I possess to the poor and surrender my body to the flames, but have not love, I gain nothing.
Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, and always perseveres.
And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.”
Love in the Old Testament:
In the Old Testament the verb “to love” and its cognates cover the full range of meanings the English word “love” has, including love for God (Exodus 20:6, Psalm 40:17) and the love God has for his people (Hosea 3:1, Deuteronomy 7:13). God’s love for his people in the covenant context is often expressed by the term “steadfast love”. God’s steadfast love is a sign of his fidelity.
The word “love” has a wide range of meanings. It can be used to describe physical love between the sexes (Genesis 34:3, Judges 16:4, 15, 2 Samuel 13:4 and the book of the Song of Solomon). The Hebrew word for love refers to the love within a family (Genesis 22:2, Ruth 4:15); among friends (Psalm 38:12, Jeremiah 20:4-6); and between slave and master (Deuteronomy 15:16). To love God and to keep his commandments is a requirement as said in Deuteronomy6:4-6: “The Lord our God is one Lord; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might. And these words which I command you this day shall be upon your heart.”
Love in the New Testament:
In the New Testament the primary Greek words used to express the concept o love are agape and philia; eros, signifying sexual love in Greek, is not used in the New Testament. The primary use of “love” is with regard to the great commandment to love the Lord your God with all your heart and to love your neighbor as yourself (Mark 12:28-31). In Matthew 5:43-46 the theme “love your enemies” is emphasized. And of course the love chapter in 1 Corinthians chapter 13 defines what love is and is not and that “love” in the New Testament is most commonly connected with faith and hope. Love is given to the believer through the Holy Spirit as a gift to be exercised now and as a sign of the future consummation of that new creation which God has begun in Christ, a fulfillment that is expected in hope (Romans 5:5). Love is the primary term describing the result of faith both for the believer and the community in Christ. Because Christ has died and the Holy Spirit has given the believer the gift of love, Paul can write the Corinthians that the “love of Christ controls us…” (2 Corinthians 2:4)
The Bible covers many different kinds of love and gives definitions for these kinds of love. It teaches us that God gives us love and the capacity to love him and each other. Love was created by God and is ordained by God.